Isolation and identification of components from the leaf and stem bark extracts of Borreriaverticillata
Ushie O A
Borreria verticillata (youngest mature) leaves were collected from their natural habitat of coastal plain sands in Calabar Municipality. The method of cold solvent was used in the extraction. This was to prevent the escape of some volatile of the sample. Infrared spectroscopic (IR) and Gas chromatography / Mass spectroscopic (GC /MS) techniques were employed to analysis the structure of the active purified components (LEAF1, LHF1and LHF2) of the Borreria verticillata extract. Infrared spectroscopic and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopic analysis of these active components(ethyl acetate fraction LEAF1) shows that LEAF1 is heptanal while hexane extract LHF1 is heptanone. Heptanal or heptanaldehyde is an alkyl aldehyde with a strong fruity odor which is used as an ingredient in cosmetics, perfumes, and flavors. Industrially, heptanal is used in the manufacture of 1-heptanol and ethyl heptanoate.