Study of the chemistry of Amino Acids and their applications
Doaa Alasady, Anaam Jawad Alabbasy, Huda Sabah Hassen
Chemistry of Compounds deal largely with the structure, function, and interactions of cell components and macromolecules such as the chemical structure of amino acids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules. Some of these molecules are large and complex and are called biopolymers. These are made up of similar repeating units called a monomer. Each biopolymer molecule contains different groups of units, for example a protein is a polymer whose units are made up of a different group of 20 or more amino acids. Biochemistry studies the chemical properties of important biomolecules such as proteins and especially the reactions catalyzed by enzymes. The biochemistry of metabolic processes within the cell and of the endocrine system has been extensively studied. Other areas of biochemistry include genetic material (DNA, RNA), transport of materials through the cell membrane, and signal transmission. The results of biochemistry are primarily used in medicine, nutrition, and agriculture. In medicine, biochemists study the causes and treatment of diseases. In the field of nutrition, they study how to maintain health and wellness and study the effects of undernutrition (or malnutrition). In agriculture, biochemists investigate soils and fertilizers and try to find ways to improve crop cultivation, crop storage, and pest control.