Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2018)
Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis): Complete pharmacognosy review
Author(s): Kaushik Vilas Kulkarni, Shrishail M Ghurghure
Abstract: Medicinal plants are natural gift to human lives to promote disease free healthy life. Phyllanthus emblica, commonly known as Amla is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas and has therapeutic potential against deleterious diseases. Earlier it becomes a notable fruit for its rich amount of vitamin C, polyphenols such as tannins, gallic acid, ellagic acid, flavonoids like quercetin and rutin. Emblica officinalis is a natural, efficacious an antioxidant with the richest natural source of Vitamin C (200‐900 mg per 100 g of edible portion). Emblica officinalis is amazingly effective natural antiageing product. Emblica officinalis is very effective in treatment of acidity and peptic ulcers. Emblica officinalis is rich in Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron, essential amino acids and many other vitamins and minerals and anti-oxidants. Research reports on Amla reveals its analgesic, anti-tussive, antiatherogenic, adaptogenic; cardio, gastro, nephro and neuroprotective, chemopreventive, radio and chemo modulatory and anticancer properties. Amla is also reported to possess potent free radical scavenging, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic, immunomodulatory activities, which are efficacious in the prevention and treatment of various diseases like cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes, liver and heart diseases. In this article, we discuss the nutritional value, biochemical constituents, traditional uses, medicinal value of Amla and its use as a household remedy. We also emphasized the mechanisms behind the pharmacological activities based on the recent research reports and tried to summarize the results of research done from the past 6 years with proper specifications on the future prospects in a pharmacological perspective.