Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2018)
Soyasaponin characterization and phytochemical investigation of the extract of soybean (Glycine max)
Author(s): Dr. T Kumaran
Abstract: Phytochemicals from medicinal plants serve as lead compounds for drug discovery and design. Medicinal plants are the richest resource of drugs of traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. Phytochemical analysis of Glycine max has revealed that numerous compounds in plants traditionally used for medicinal purposes have many therapeutical properties. The result of the phytochemical studies revealed the presence of Saponins, Tannins, Alkaloids, Steroids and numerous other chemicals. Saponins, Tannins and alkaloids are chemicals that are known to have anti-bacterial properties. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) fractions were screening method was used to detect active components. The Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis revealed that the selected extracts might have the functional group of alkenes, carbonyl group, amide, aldehyde and ketonic functional group of the G. max respectively. The may due to the presence of the phytochemicals present in the plant. The results suggest that the phytochemical properties demostrated by the plant extract for curing various diseases and leads to the isolation of new and novel compounds.