Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2017)
Phytomedicinal uses of saponin containing herbs
Author(s): Dr. Nidhi Mishra, Dr. Prakash Singh Rajput, Dr. Rajesh Chandra Mishra
Abstract: Background: Saponins are a diverse family of secondary metabolites. Saponins are phytochemicals that produce a foam when dissolved in water. Their name derives from the same root as the word latin sapo it means soap. The unique chemical structure of saponins allows them to offer a number of prospective health benefits. Many plants used in traditional medicines worldwide contain saponins, which can often account for their therapeutic action. It is believed that the natural role of these compounds in plants is to protect against attack by potential pathogens, which would account for their antimicrobial activity and have a favorable effect on cholesterol. The wide chemical diversity of saponins has resulted in renewed interest. Objective: To explore the wonderful phytochemical Saponin medicinal plants contain Saponins as Shatavari(Asperagus racemosus), Arjuna(Terminalia arjuna), Madanphala(Randia spinosa), Gokshura(Tribulus terrestris), Ashoka (Saraca asoca), Aristaka (Sapindus trifoliatus) etc. Material & Method: In the present study, we collected and compiled references regarding Ayurvedic classical texts, previous work, research papers, review articles and google scholars etc. Discussion & Conclusion: The current review focuses on properties of Saponins and medicinal plants which contain Saponins. Many plant drugs and folk medicines contain saponins that are found to have several kinds of bioactivities, such as antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antipara-sitic, immune-enhancing, anti-cancer, antimicrobial activities and may even support bone strength. This review provides a summary of saponin research.